Chapter 9 Career Planning. 9-1 Career Opportunities  THE CAREER PLANNING PROCESS  Occupation-...

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Transcript of Chapter 9 Career Planning. 9-1 Career Opportunities  THE CAREER PLANNING PROCESS  Occupation-...

  • Slide 1
  • Chapter 9 Career Planning
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  • 9-1 Career Opportunities THE CAREER PLANNING PROCESS Occupation- task or series of tasks that is performed to provide a good or service Career- goal for work that is fulfilled through an occupation Your current career goal is to complete your schooling and get ready for the future.
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  • Career planning- process of studying careers, assessing yourself in terms of careers, and making decisions about a future career
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  • The Career Planning Process Personal Assessment Determine interests and values Identify talents and abilities Employment market analysis Geographic influences Business and economic trends
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  • The Career Planning Process Application process application form resume and cover letter Interview process Prepare for interview Follow-up activities
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  • The Career Planning Process Employment acceptance Salary and financial factors Organizational environment Career development and advancement Practice career success behaviors Develop strong work relationships
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  • Your Study of Careers Too often, a career choice is not made until full-time work begins This is too late, especially if training and education are required It is important to view learning about careers as a life-long activity Tentative career decision- subject to change as new information is received
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  • Career Training Many careers required education and training beyond high school including: Two-year schools- community or junior colleges Four-year colleges and universities- public and private Private business schools- court reporter, computer tech, medical assistant, etc.
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  • Consider the cost of further schooling as an investment in your future. This schooling will help you earn a higher wage. Many ways exist to help finance your education.
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  • Many financial aid programs are provided by schools including: Scholarships Student loans Work-study programs Some financial aid programs are based on your academic record. Others are based on financial need.
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  • Checkpoint>> Why is it important to follow each of the six steps in the Career Planning Process?
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  • Print and Media Sources Occupational Outlook Handbook- information on hundreds of occupations including Job duties Working conditions Education and training requirements Advancement opportunities Employment outlook Earnings
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  • Career World- includes careers of the future Encyclopedia of Careers and Vocational Guidance- basic information about many occupations Newspaper Help Wanted Ads- an idea of jobs in demand and what skills and training are needed
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  • Online Sources Web sites are available to help with career planning. A search may be performed to gather information about: resumes, effective interviewing, creating a career portfolio
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  • Informational Interview Informational interview- planned discussion with a worker willing to help you learn about their work, the preparation needed for the career, and the persons feelings about their career Help you gain insight into what really happens in a career
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  • Questions to ask during an informational interview include: How did you get your current job? In what ways do you find your work most satisfying? What are your main frustrations? What tasks and activities are required in your work? What are the most important qualifications for working in this field? What advice do you give a young person who is thinking about this type of work?
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  • Job shadow- spending time with a worker for a day or week to learn about their occupation
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  • Business Contacts Networking- talking to other people about their jobs Advantages of networking: Contacts not limited to people you know personally Every person you meet is a potential contact for career information The contacts in your network when you start work as well as later in life
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  • Checkpoint>> What are the main sources of career information?
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  • In-Class Activity>> Review Figure 9-2 on page 205 of your textbook then answer the following questions. Which of the career areas shown interest you? Do you think you should limit your career exploration to these areas? Why or why not?
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  • GROWTH CAREER AREAS Geographic Influences Mobility- willingness and ability to move where jobs are located Locational unemployment- jobs are available in one place but go unfilled because qualified persons live elsewhere and are unwilling to move
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  • Economic and Industry Trends Careers with the most potential are influenced by economic trends. Consumer demand Changing demographic trends New technology
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  • Checkpoint>> What factors affect the career areas that will be in demand in the future?
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  • 9-1 ASSESSMENT Complete questions #1-3 from page 5 of your packet.
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  • 9-2 PERSONAL ASSESSMENT Your career planning activities should start with a self assessment of your interests, values, & abilities. These three areas will help you better you better understand the careers are best for you.
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  • Interests Provide a basis for your employment goals and possible career paths. People with strong social tendencies bay be best suited for work interacting with people. If you enjoy investigating, a career in research should be considered.
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  • Values Values- things important to you You can begin to look at your values by answering some questions: Is it important for me to earn a lot of money? Am I mainly interested in work that provides a service for others?
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  • Is it important for me to have occupation that others think is important even if I dont really care for it? Do I want an occupation that is very challenging and may require additional schooling?
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  • Would I be willing to start in a job that pays a lower salary than another job if that job was more challenging and offered better opportunities for future advancement? Do I consider investing money in education or training as important as spending for other things?
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  • Talents and Abilities Talents- a natural, inborn aptitude to do certain things Ability- being able to perform a mental or physical task
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  • You can learn about your abilities by: Evaluating the grades you got in the classes you have taken Which classes were easiest Which classes have been the most difficult If you are weak in a certain area, take classes that will improve that area.
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  • Work to strengthen your weak areas before you go to full-time work
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  • Checkpoint>> What is the difference between an interest and a talent?
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  • EMPLOYMENT EXPERIENCE Work-Study Programs Cooperative education combines school with work-related experience. These programs provide an occasion to develop a variety of on- the-job skills. You will also learn to interact in work settings.
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  • Internships- work experience in organizations while learning about a career Common internships include: accounting, finance, and marketing Applying for an internship is similar to applying for a job.
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  • Part-Time Employment Summer and part-time work can provide valuable experience. Work experience will allow you the chance to see if you enjoy a particular career field. Part-time work helps you make contacts.
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  • Volunteer Activities Community service can help you in gaining career experience and improving work habits. Helps with organizational skills making career contacts
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  • School Activities Class assignments can provide work-related experiences. Example: Research and communication skills are developed when you prepare reports or oral presentations.
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  • Working on team projects offers you a chance to interact with others which is a vital skill School clubs and organizations can result in a range of valuable skills: goal setting planning supervising delegating responsibility
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  • Checkpoint>> Of the listed methods for obtaining employment experience (work-study, part- time, volunteer, school), which one do you feel is the most beneficial for career planning and why?
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  • SOURCES OF AVAILABLE JOBS The Media Newspaper Want Ads are a common starting point in a job search Many newspapers post employment ads on their Web sites Some newspapers have partnered with career Web sites with searchable databases of current positions
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  • Personal Contacts Let as many people as possible know that you are looking for a job. School counselors can be ve