Sử dụng Microstation v8 căn bản

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Microstation v8 guide

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  • T HC MICROSTATION V8 VI NGI S DNG AUTOCAD Bin son: Hunh Vn Trc
  • Nm 2010 Phn 1: Cn bn v Microstation V8 Mi trng lm vic ca MicroStation Xem xt mi trng lm vic ca MicroStation Hnh minh ho di y gii thiu giao din Microstation V8. Thanh cng c thuc tnh (Attributes) Thanh cng c Primary Thanh cng c chun Thanh lnh n - Ca s khung nhn (1 - 8).. 1. Lnh n ca MicroStation Thanh lnh n c t trn cng trong ca s MicroStation v l mt trong cc ngun truy cp chnh cho cc tnh nng ca MicroStation. Khi bn nhn vo mt lnh n, c mt danh sch cc mc la chn s xut hin. Mi mc trong lnh n s trc tip gi ln mt tc v hoc m mt hp thoi ni bn c th nh ngha thm cho tc v mong mun. Thanh lnh n ca MicroStation c t chc cht ch v cc lnh c nhm theo tng nhm logic. - Nu bn mun tm mt cng c s dng trong tp tin thit k ca mnh, hy tm n lnh n v chn Tool. Danh sch cc lnh th xung lit k tt c cc cng c m bn c th s dng trong MicroStation. - Nu bn phi hiu chnh cc thit lp cho tp tin thit k, hy chn Settings t thanh lnh n ri nhn vo danh sch cho Design File. 2. Cc hp thoi v cc hp cnh bo (Alert Boxes) Hunh Vn Trc 2
  • Mt hp thoi s xut hin bt k khi no bn chn mt mc lnh n c i km vi ba du chm, v d nh Open Bn hy n gin nhp vo hp thoi cc thng tin m chng trnh i hi ri chn mt hnh ng, v d OK, Done hoc Apply. 3. Cc cng c, cc hp cng c v khung cng c. Cha kha dn ti cc tc v MicroStation thnh cng l cch s dng cc cng c v ca phn mm. c t chc thnh cc khung cng c v cc hp cng c, cc cng c trong MicroStation cng tng t nh cc hp ngh m ngi th sa xe t s dng khi sa xe cho bn. V, cng ging nh mt ngi th c kh c mt hp ngh cha y cc cng c, c thit k dnh ring cho cc tc v c th, MicroStation cng cung cp mt b su tp phong ph cc cng c, c t chc theo chc nng. Khung cng c Main c s dng nh mt va li tng th ng ton b cc cng c, cho bn con ng truy xut n cc hp cng c lin quan. Bn nhn ra khung cng c Main hoc qua thanh ta ca n (c ch Main) hoc qua 2 ct biu tng khi n c gn neo trn mn hnh, Khi bn nhn gi phm Data Point tr vo mt cng c trong khung Main, hp cng c lin quan n cng c ny s xut hin. S dng ng tc ko chn mt cng c xc nh t hp cng c ang m ra. Thm ch, nu bn tip tc ko con tr i xa na, bn s tch ri hp ny ra khi khung Main. Sau khi tch ri hp cng c, bn c th nh v n ti mt v tr thun tin hn, bt c ni no trn mn hnh. Mo: Bn c th ty bin cc hp cng c ca MicroStation. Hy nhn chut phi vo mt biu tng trong hp hin th danh sch biu tng c trong hp cng c. Nu bn bt ln mt biu tng ang b tt, th n s xut hin trong hp cng c. Khung cng c Main c cha mt cng c khng lin quan n hp cng c no. Tt c cc cng c khc trong khung Main u i km vi mt hnh tam gic nh mu en, cho bit n lin quan n hp cng c tng thch c cha c cc cng c khc Ch duy nht lnh Delete ng ring l mt mnh trong khung Main. 4. L gi nh (Tool Tips) MicroStation c mt tnh nng c gi l Tool Tips (l gi nh) gip bn nhn din mt cng c m khng cn kch hot n. Sau khi bn dch chut ln mt biu tng hoc mt cng c, hy ngng chut mt cht. S c mt hnh ch nht nho nh xut hin, cho bit tn ca cng c ny. Hunh Vn Trc 3
  • 5. Ca s thit lp cng c (Tool Settings Window) a phn cng c c cc mc la chn gip bn kim sot hot ng ca chng. Cc mc la chn ny xut hin trong hp thoi Tool Settings (thit lp cng c). Bn nhp vo hp thoi Tool Settings nhng thng tin cn thit cho tng tham s. Hp thoi Tool Settings tri ni trong ca s MicroStation, bn khng th gn neo cho n. Theo mc nh, hp thoi Tool Settings c m ra ngay t khi bt u chy chng trnh. Nu bn ng hp thoi Tool Settings ny, th mt hp thoi Tool Settings mi s t ng xut hin khi bn chn cng c tip theo. Minh ha: rng cng c Place Circle (v hnh trn) cn nhng thit lp hon ton khc so vi Place SmartLine. 6. Thanh trng thi y l mt thnh phn quan trng trong giao din ngi dng ca MicroStation, bi n cho php chng ta nhn vo hot ng ca MicroStation. Khu vc ny cha tt c nhng thng tin ph bin lin quan n mt dng lnh, nhng li khng c mt dng lnh tht s. MicroStation lin tc hin th cc thng tin v trng thi hot ng ca n trong thanh trng thi nm khu vc pha di ca ca s trnh ng dng. Thanh trng thi (Status Bar) hin th cc thng ip: - Cng c ang c s dng. - i hi cc thng tin b sung. - Trng thi ca cc tham s chnh. Bn hy chn nhiu cng c khc nhau v theo di nhng thng ip hin th trong thanh trng thi. l khi bn nhn gi con tr ln trn mt cng c no (nh th bn ch mt l gi nh) th s c mt thng ip khc xut hin so vi khi bn tht s chn cng c ny. 7. Ca s khung nhn Cc ca s thit k ca MicroStation c gi l cc View (khung nhn). MicroStation c th hin th ng thi ti a 8 khung nhn. Tt c u l khung nhn trng thi hot ng tch cc (Active - sn sng cho nhp liu), v mang tnh c lp hnh ha i vi nhau. c t tn l View 1 cho ti View 8, cc ca s ny cung cp s truy xut trc tip vo thit k hnh ha. Nguyn nhn cho con s 8 ca cc ca s ny tht n gin: Bn c th cng lc mun nhn nhiu khu vc khc nhau, nhiu thnh phn khc nhau ca thit k, vi mc chi tit khc nhau. rng cc khung nhn c th c thay i kch c, c dch chuyn, c ko chng ln nhau v mi khung nhn u c tt c cc tnh nng ca mt ca s Window chun. 8. View Controls - iu kim khung nhn Hunh Vn Trc 4
  • gip bn n nh ni dung hin th, mi khung nhn ca MicroStation c mt t hp cc iu kim ring. Cc iu kim ny cho php bn thay i hng nhn v kt qu nhn thy trong mt khung nhn, m khng h nh hng n ni dung tt c cc ca s khung nhn khc. Cc iu kim khung nhn nm trong gc di bn tri ca mi ca s khung nhn. Mch bo: ng tt c cc ca s thit k trong tp tin .dgn ca bn khng phi l ng tp tin. Bn ng tt c cc ca s thit k, nhng tp tin vn c m. Thanh ta pha trn ca mn hnh vn ch ra tn ca tp tin ang m. Cc chc nng ca chut trong MicroStation Cc chc nng ca chut trong MicroStation Vi chut, bn c th thc hin 3 chc nng chnh: 1. Data Point - Chn lnh hoc cc mc ca lnh n t giao din v nh v im, v d nh im bt u v kt thc cho mt on thng. 2. Reset Ngng mt qu trnh. Reset thc hin nhiu tc v khc nhau, ty thuc vo qui trnh ang c thc hin 3. Snap (cn gi l Tentative point - im th) - Chng ta s dng phm chut ny nh v v chn im mt cch chnh xc, bm vo cc phn t c sn, cc im v d nh im cui hoc im gia ca i tng. Trong cc chc nng k trn th Data Point c s dng thng xuyn nht, tip n Reset. Thit lp mc nh cho chut ca MicroStation l chut c 2 phm. Nu bn s dng chut 2 phm, thit lp mc nh cho Tentative Snap l ng tc nhn ng thi c 2 phm chut. Mt chut 3 phm s gip bn t c hiu ng hiu qu ln nht cho vic s dng vi MicroStation. Vi loi chut ny bn s c mt phm cho mt trong cc dng ph bin nht ca vic nhp liu ha trong MicroStation. Chng ta s dng phm gia (hay l bnh xe) trn mt chut 3 phm cho Tentative Snap. thit lp cu hnh chut cho chc nng ny, ta phi gn chc nng cho phm gia hoc l bnh xe. Gn chc nng Tentative Snap cho phm chut gia 1. Chn Button Assignments t lnh n th xung Workspace t thanh lnh n chnh ca MicroStation. Hp thoi Button Assignments xut hin. 2. S dng phm Data Point (phm chut tri) nhn vo t Tentative nm khu tri ca hp. 3. c thng ip hin th trong khu Button Definition Area. 4. Nhn phm chut gia (hoc l ko bnh xe xung) vo thanh Button Definition Area. Mt khi bn nhn vo y, mc Invoked by cho Tentative Button s chuyn thnh Middle Button. Hunh Vn Trc 5
  • 5. Nhn OK. S thay i tham s hot ng ny by gi s c lu tr mt cch lu di trn a cng, v ln sau khi bn m MicroStation, Tentative c thit lp cho phm chut gia S dng Fence hiu chnh phn t V v s dng Fence hnh trn to hnh trch Bn cn to mt hnh trch ca mt chi tit vi mt t l ln hn chi tit sn c. Mt Fence hnh trn kt hp vi ch Clip s h tr c lc cho bn. 1. Chn cng c Place Fence. Nhp cc d liu sau vo ca s thit lp tham s cng c: Fence Type: Circle Fence Mode: Clip 2. To Fence bao vng v tr cn trch hnh, nh hnh minh ha. 3. Chn Manipulate Fence Contents. Thit lp cc d liu sau trn ca s thit lp tham s Manipulate Fence Contents: Operation: Scale Fence Mode: Clip Make Copy: Enabled (bt) X Scale: 2.0 Y Scale: 2.0 4. Dch con tr n v tr mun t hnh trch v nhp mt Data Point v cc ni dung ca fence b co gin. ng fence mi (c co gin) s dch chuyn ng cng con tr, nhng theo hng ngc li. Hunh Vn Trc 6
  • 5. Nhn Reset S dng Fence co gin v sao chp cc phn t C khi bn v ca ta nhanh chng tr thnh dy c v kh thm vo bt k mt chi tit no khc. Ta hy th s dng Fence Stretch x l tnh hung ny, to khng gian cho cc phn t mi. v d ny ta c bn v P&ID c cha n v x l s 1 v s 3. Ta mun b sung n v hot ng s 2 vo gia. 1. Chn cng c Place Fence. Thit lp cc d liu sau vo ca s Tool Settings: Fence Type: Block Fence Mode: Inside 2. Nhp mt Data Point ti v tr s 1, Data Point th 2 ti v tr s 2 v Fence. 3. Chn cng c Manipulate Fence Contents. Nhp cc d liu sau vo ca s thit lp tham s Manipulate Fence Contents. Operation: Stretch Fence Mode: Inside 4. Bt ln tnh nng AccuDraw, nu n cha c kch hot 5. Nhp mt Data Point ti v tr s 3. Hng ro by gi s dch chuyn ng theo con tr. 5. Dng AccuDraw dch con tr sang tri, nhp s 3.4, sau nhp mt Data Point. 6. Nhn Reset. Hunh Vn Trc 7
  • n v x l c chuyn n v tr mi, cc ng ni kt qui trnh (connecting process lines) c ko di m bo mi lin quan. Nu bn khng lm vic cn thn v v hng ro chm phi mt trong cc van, bn s thy van b di cng vi cc ng ni kt qui trnh. l phn trnh din phng cch hot ng ca Fence Stretch. Bt k th g chm phi hng ro u s c ko di. Hy xem phn minh ha di y. Hon tt mch in. By gi ta s dng Fence copy hon tt bn v P&ID. 1. Trong ca s Manipulate Fence Contents, bn tm n mc Operation, i Stretch thnh Copy. 2. Nhp mt Data Point ti v tr s 1. 3. Dch con tr sang phi, nhp vo s 3.2, nhn mt Data Point. 4. Nhn Reset v b i hng ro. Bn v ca bn khi hon tt trng nh sau: S dng mt Fence block hiu chnh cc phn t Gi s bn c sn mt b trc vt. Bn ang cn sao chp ch phn trc vt to ra mt b trc vt mi. Hy th nghim Fence s hu ch nh th no cho bn trong vic ny. Hunh Vn Trc 8
  • Thc hin theo cc bc sau: 1. Chn cng c Place Fence