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personality and its measurement detail in personality

Transcript of personality rbce

  • 1. Submitted to:-Submitted by :-Dr. Harpreet Kaur gillHarwinder Kaur, 1375 M.A. Edu. 2 nd sem

2. SUB-THEME 3. CONTENT S WHAT IS PERSONALITY INTRODUCTION MEANING OF PERSONALITY DEFINITIONS OF PERSONALITY ASPECTS OF PERSONALITY CHARACTERSTICS OF PERSONALITY INTEGRATION OF PERSONALITY TYPES OF PERSONALITY THEORIES OF PERSONALITY MEASUREMENT OF PERSONALITY TYPES OF MEASUREMENT PERSONALITY TEST OF PERSONALITY CONCLUSION 4. WHAT IS PERSONALITY? Personalityincludes all the special qualities people have that make them different from each other. These include : charm, energy disposition, attitude temperament, cleverness and all feeling and behaviours they exhibit. 5. INTRODUCTION OF PERSONALITY Personalityis the particular combination of emotional, attitudinal, and behavioral response patterns of an individual 6. MEANING OF PERSONALITY The term personality is derived from the Latin word Persona meaning a Mask. Personality is a patterned body of habits, traits, attitudes and ideas of an individual as these are organized externally into roles and statuses and as they relate internally to motivation, goals and various aspects of selfhood. 7. DEFINITIONS OF PERSONALITY G.W. Allport :- personality is the dynamic organization within the individual of those psychophysical systems that determine his unique adjustment to his environment. 8. Woodworths view :Personality is the total quality of individuals behaviour. 9. Aspects of Personality Physical aspect Intellectual aspect Emotional aspect Social aspect Volitional aspect Moral aspect Biological aspect Cognitive aspect 10. Characterstics of personality Self- Consciouness Unique Sociability Adjustability Goal-directed Unity and integrability Consistency Persistance Dynamic and flexible 11. INTEGRATION OF PERSONALITY A person in whom the various aspects of personality i.e., physical, intellectual, emotional, and social are working in a harmonius and effective``k AijhI sKsIAq ijs iv`c sKsIAq dy v`K v`K pihlU (srIirk,bOiDk,Bwvwqimk Aqy swmwijk) susMgq Aqy pRBwvswlI FMg nwl kMm kr rhy hn 12. Characteristics of Integration of Personality Balance between mental process Harmonius adjustment to social environment Adequate perception Positive self- concept Ego involvement Adequate inter- personal relations Adequate feelings of security Adequate feeling of self- confidence 13. Intellectually developed and emotionally mature Healthy attitudes and interest Healthy philosophy of life 14. Types of Personality Modern Classification Jungs Cllassification Hippocrates Cllassification Kretschmers Classification Sheldons Classification Sprangers Classification 15. Modern Classification Men of feelingMorgan and Gilliland According Elated (pRsMnic`q) Depressed (audwsIn)Men of action Men of thoughtIrritable (icVicVw) Unstable (AsiQr) Abstract thinking (sUKm icMqk) Idea thinkers (ivcwr icMqk) Thinks thinkers(icMqn leI icMqk) 16. Jungs ClassificationIntroverts (Subjective, Solitude, Idealists, Self-Centered, Better in writing)Extroverts(Objective, Society, realists, Interested in other people, Better in speech, Dominant)Ambiverts (Balanced ) 17. Hippocrates Classification Sanguine AwSwvwdI Melancholic inrwSwvwdI Choleric kRRRoDI Phlegmatic mMd 18. Kretschmers Classification Asthenic SkqIhIx Athletic iKfwrI Pyknic nwty Dysplastic imSrq 19. Sheldons Classification type golwkwr Mesomorphic Awieqwkwr Ectomorphic lMbwkwr Endomorphic 20. Sprangers Classification type isDwNiqk Economic AwriQk Social smwijk Aesthetic klwqimk Political rwjnIiqk Religious Dwrimk Theoretical 21. Theories of Personality Typetheories Traits theories Personality dynamic theories 22. Type Theories Constitution rcnw Physical dimensions srIr dIAW imxqIAW jW bxqr Values mu`l dw isDWq Behaviour ivvhwr dw isDWq Psycho-sexual development mnoilMgI ivkws Nature theory pRikrqI isDWq Self-feeling theory svY-Bwvnw dw isDWq Miscellaneous types Putkl iksmW 23. Trait theories of personality Walter Michael the book Introduction to Personality Trait is a continuous dimension on which individual differences may be arranged quantitatively in terms of the amount of characteristics, the individual has. G. W. Allports R.B. Cattells H.J. Eyesencks 24. Theories of Personality Dynamics Psycho-analytictheory of Freud (1856-1937) Carl Jungs Analytic Psychology Alfred Adlers Individual Psychology (18701937) Ranks Theory of Birth Trauma (1884-1939) Karen Horneys Basic Anxiety Theory Sullivans theory of Inter-personal relations(1892-1949) 25. What does personality assessment achieve ? Testsmust be both reliable and valid Reliability: consistency, same results over period of time Validity: the test measures what it professes to measure Measure of personality varies by theoretical perspective 26. Personality Assessment assists counselor in : Understanding the behavior of a particular Individual Helps counselor comes to a conclusion about a possible future course of action Helps counselor make predictions about a persons unique future behavior 27. Measurement of Personality ijhVI cIj sUKm jW sQUliksy vI rUp ivc hY, ijs dI pirBwSw kIqI jw skdI hY[ivAkiqqv iek sMklp hY,Dwrnw hY,mnu`K dIAW KslqW, ivSySqwvW, XogqwvW, rucIAW, psMdW, vyKx-socx dy FMgW, iBMn-iBMn aukswhtW dy pRiqkrmW, ivvhwrW Awid dw sMgiTq puMj 28. Subjected MethodsObjective MethodProjective Techniques 29. (A) Subjective Method Autobiography method Case History method Biography method 30. Autobiography Autobiographyis the study of the subject narrated or written by himself. It is a faithful record of ones past and present. Psychologists supply the various headings of the story, if needed. The subjects narrates or writes about various aims, ambitions, achivements, attitude, adventures, events, experiences, interests and activities of his life. 31. Case history method In this method, we collect information about hereditary and environmental factors which influence personality development of the individual. It is a sort of physical, intellectual, academic, emotional and social history of the individual. 32. Questionnaire A questionnairecontains a long list of questions designed to collect information from the individual 33. Definition of Questionnaire Goode and Hatt Acc.:- In general the word questionnaire refers to a device for securing answers to questions by using a form which the respondent fills in himself. 34. Barr et al. (1953)Acc.:Questionnaire as a systematic compilation of questions that are administered to a sample of population form which information is desired. 35. Types of Questionnaire Interrogative form pRSn sUck rUp (hW jW nWh) audwhrn:- kI qusI ieMjInIAirMg psMd krdy ho ? Inventory form sUcI rUp (KwlI QwvW) audwhrn :- mYN ----- rucI lYNdw hW [ Check list form cYY`k ilst rUp ( ) audwhrn :- hyTW kuJ ik`iqAW dy nW id`qy hn [ dw inSwn aus ik`qy qy lgwau ijsnMU qusI psMd krdy ho[ 36. Questionnaire Form Open Form Questionnaire Closed Form Questionnaire Pictorial Form Questionnaire 37. Open form Questionnaire It is also known as Free Responses or Unstructured Type Questionnaire. As the name of the form indicates, the respondent is at liberty to express his attitudes, interest, preferences and decisions in his own words because no clues are provided 38. Closed form Questionnaire The closed or structured form requires short and check responses. It may provide for making Yes or No ,or just a check from a list of suggested responses. 39. Construction of Questionnaire Purpose of Questionnaire :- A good questionnaire must serve two major purpose. First- It must translate the objectives of an investigation into specific questions. Secondly The questionnaire must motivate the respondents to communicate the required information 40. Language Information Level of the respondent Social acceptance of responses Leading Questions Sequence of questions The form or type of questions Length of the questionnaire Experts opinion Preliminary tryout of the questionnaire Validation of questionnaire Reliability of questionnaire Administration of a questionnaire Analysing and interpreting questionnaire responses 41. Use of Questionnaire in Guidance Programme Intercsts Behaviour Aptitude Miscellaneous information Data Causes of maladjustment 42. Characterstics of good Questionnaire Significant job Short and Comprehensive Clear objectives Clear directions Well worded No confidential matter Not suggestive Order of queastions Interesting No annoying questions Easy to tabulate and interpret 43. Interview Interviewis a called conversation with a purpose. It is face to face relationship between the interviewer and the interviewee. 44. Definitions of Interview To Macobys view :- Interview is face to face verbal interchange in which one person, the interviewer attempts to elicit information on expression, opinions or beliefs from another person or persons Acc.To Wrightstone and Others :- The Interview is a method for obtaining data by face to face conference with an individual. Acc. 45. Types of Interview Unstructuredinterview :- Unstructured interview aims at assessing the personality of the individual without the aid of any previously decided set questions. This type of interview is very flexible and adaptable. Structured interview :- Inorder to reduce the subjectivity of unstructured interview procedure is structured. Interview is to be conducted according to a prepared set of questions, and areas of inquiry to be covered. 46. Types of Interview Diagnostic interview Administrative interview Employment interview Admission interview Informative interview Research interview Counselling interview 47. Functions of Interview To have a face to face talk with the interviewee and to assist him To collect information from the interview To part informati