Introduction to Christian Philosophy: session 1a introduction

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Teaching notes from LTCi Siliguri

Transcript of Introduction to Christian Philosophy: session 1a introduction

  • Introduction to Christian Philosophy LTCi Course #703
  • What is philosophy? Whatever we conclude philosophy is we shall be doing some serious thinking about it
  • Le Penseur! a bronze sculpture by Auguste Rodin. The work shows a nude male gure at about life-size sitting on a rock with his chin resting on one hand as though deep in thought, and is often used as an image to represent philosophy. There are about 28 full size castings, in which the gure is about 186 centimetres (73 in) high. Rodin rst conceived the gure as part of another work in 1880, but the familiar castings did not appear until 1904
  • Philosophy is generally regarded as perhaps the most abstruse (difcult to understand) and abstract of all subjects far removed from the affairs of ordinary life but nearly all of us have some philosophical views, whether we are aware of them or notalthough most people are vague about what philosophy is, the term frequently appears in their conversation.! Philosophy Made Simple
  • The word philosophy is derived from the Greek terms meaning love of wisdom! A few examples of how it is used:! - an attitude towards certain activities, a philosophy of business! - an encouragement to be philosophical can mean to take a long range, detached view of things when encountering certain immediate problems
  • - when facing disappointment we suggest people should be more philosophical (dont be too concerned about the immediate events but put them in perspective)! - being philosophical is evaluating or interpreting what is important in life
  • - when facing disappointment we suggest people should be more philosophical (dont be too concerned about the immediate events but put them in perspective)! - being philosophical is evaluating or interpreting what is important in life
  • Philosophy uses (many) questions in its search for answers. We enter the subject wanting answers to the big questions of life and then realise that those questions lead us into more questions and those into more and! Whats the meaning of life, does God exist, how should I liveall result in more questions that need to be answered in order to answer the original questions
  • Philosophy uses (many) questions in its search for answers. We enter the subject wanting answers to the big questions of life and then realise that those questions lead us into more questions and those into more and! Whats the meaning of life, does God exist, how should I liveall result in more questions that need to be answered in order to answer the original questions
  • This joke illustrates a problem with philosophy:! Raj comes home to nd his wife and his best friend, Manu, naked together in bed. Just as Raj is about to open his mouth, Manu jumps out of the bed and says, Before you say anything, old pal, what are you going to believe, me or your eyes?! The question becomes: what information about the world can we believe and depend on, what can we trust? (In this case is sight the best way to gather information about the world?)
  • Some classic philosophical questions How do we know our universe is real?! Do we have free will?! Does God exist?! Is there life after death?! Can we objectively know anything?! What is the best system of morality?
  • Some classic philosophical questions What is good / what is evil?! Are you morally responsible for what you think?! What is time?! Can we know truth without evidence?
  • Some classic philosophical questions What is love - can I know true love?! Is lying ever right?! What is intelligence?! When does life begin?! What is consciousness?! What makes you you?
  • What is philosophy?
  • What is philosophy?
  • Metaphysics - the nature of the world / existence of Gods! Logic - ways to think / argue! Epistemology - what do we know / how do we know! Ethics - how do we tell right from wrong! Political philosophy - what is the best form of government! Aesthetics - what is beauty
  • Metaphysics - the nature of the world / existence of Gods! Logic - ways to think / argue! Epistemology - what do we know / how do we know! Ethics - how do we tell right from wrong! Political philosophy - what is the best form of government! Aesthetics - what is beauty
  • Metaphysics - the nature of the world / existence of Gods! Logic - ways to think / argue! Epistemology - what do we know / how do we know! Ethics - how do we tell right from wrong! Political philosophy - what is the best form of government! Aesthetics - what is beauty
  • Metaphysics - the nature of the world / existence of Gods! Logic - ways to think / argue! Epistemology - what do we know / how do we know! Ethics - how do we tell right from wrong! Political philosophy - what is the best form of government! Aesthetics - what is beauty
  • Metaphysics - the nature of the world / existence of Gods! Logic - ways to think / argue! Epistemology - what do we know / how do we know! Ethics - how do we tell right from wrong! Political philosophy - what is the best form of government! Aesthetics - what is beauty
  • Metaphysics - the nature of the world / existence of Gods! Logic - ways to think / argue! Epistemology - what do we know / how do we know! Ethics - how do we tell right from wrong! Political philosophy - what is the best form of government! Aesthetics - what is beauty
  • Metaphysics - the nature of the world / existence of Gods! Logic - ways to think / argue! Epistemology - what do we know / how do we know! Ethics - how do we tell right from wrong! Political philosophy - what is the best form of government! Aesthetics - what is beauty
  • Metaphysics - the nature of the world / existence of Gods! Logic - ways to think / argue! Epistemology - what do we know / how do we know! Ethics - how do we tell right from wrong! Political philosophy - what is the best form of government! Aesthetics - what is beauty
  • Metaphysics - the nature of the world / existence of Gods! Logic - ways to think / argue! Epistemology - what do we know / how do we know! Ethics - how do we tell right from wrong! Political philosophy - what is the best form of government! Aesthetics - what is beauty
  • Philosophy as defined by philosophers Philosophy is the successful love of thinking. ! John Armstrong
  • Philosophy as defined by philosophers Philosophy is thinking really hard about the most important questions and trying to bring analytic clarity both to the questions and the answers. ! Marilyn Adams
  • Critical thinking seems to be important to philosophers:! I dont think its any one thing, but I think generally it involves being critical and reective about things that most people take for granted.! Allen Buchanan
  • And philosophers seem keen to make sense of things,! I think its thinking fundamentally clearly and well about the nature of reality and our place in it, so as to understand better what goes on around us, and what our contribution is to that reality, and its effect on us. ! Barry Smith
  • And philosophers like to ask about presuppositions (things assumed before starting a discussion etc.),! Philosophy is thinking as clearly as possible about the most fundamental concepts that reach through all the disciplines. ! Anthony Kenny
  • philosophy http:// www.thefreedictionary.com/philosophy ! 1. Love and pursuit of wisdom by intellectual means and moral self-discipline.! 2. Investigation of the nature, causes, or principles of reality, knowledge, or values, based on logical reasoning rather than empirical methods.! 3. A system of thought based on or involving such inquiry: the philosophy of Hume.! 4. The critical analysis of fundamental assumptions or beliefs.
  • 5. The disciplines presented in university curriculums of science and the liberal arts, except medicine, law, and theology.! 6. The discipline comprising logic, ethics, aesthetics, metaphysics, and epistemology.! 7. A set of ideas or beliefs relating to a particular eld or activity; an underlying theory: an original philosophy of advertising.! 8. A system of values by which