Grammatical Filling. Practicing and Thinking ( 训练与思考 ) What is the grammatical filling?...

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Transcript of Grammatical Filling. Practicing and Thinking ( 训练与思考 ) What is the grammatical filling?...

  • Grammatical Filling

  • Practicing and Thinking ()

    What is the grammatical filling? Introduction

  • Explanation for the word grammaticalTwo meanings for the word grammatical:1. connected with the rules of grammar ;

    2. correctly following the rules of grammar e.g. That sentence isnt grammatical.

  • Check whether they are grammatical:1. You is a student.2. He work in the office.3. ---- How are you? ---- Very good. Thank you.4. Teachers should take care after their students.6. He does well in his work, but he passed his exam.7. The sentence where you use here isnt grammatical.8. Which is the three biggest lake in the world?9. I havent had time to clear up, so Im all at sevens and eights.

  • Note: There are not separated sentences on the national examination paper ,but a passage. You should pay attention to the grammatical rules in the context while doing it.

  • Analysis and Finding()about how to think about the correct filling words in the passage.

  • Three steps: SkimmingFillingReviewFour abilities are needed while filling : 1. Ability for reading and comprehension from the context (/).

    2. Ability of sentence structure analysis ().

    3. Ability of having a good command of English grammar ().

    4. Be sure of the key points of the filling words which are to be tested ().To complete the grammatical word filling needs three steps and four abilities:

  • the usual scattered()grammatical points

  • Passage A(2007

    Thirty-two people watched Kitty 36 (kill) right below their windows. She was 37 neighbor. Yet 38 of the 32 helped her. Not one even called the police. John Barley and Bib Fatane went beyond the headlines to research into the 39 why people didnt act. They found that a person has to go through two steps 40 he can help. First he has to notice that it is 41 emergency. Is the smoke coming into the room 42 a leak in the air conditioning? Is it steam pipes? Or is it really smoke from a fire? Its not always easy to tell if you are faced with a real emergency. Second, and 43 important, the person faced with an emergency must feel personally 44 (responsibility). He must feel that he must help, 45 the person wont get the help he needs.

  • Thirty-two people watched Kitty Genovese _____36 (kill) right below their windows. She was 37 neighbor. Yet 38 of the 32 helped her. Not one even called the police. John Barley and Bib Fatane went beyond the headlines to research into the 39 why people didnt act. They found that a person has to go through two steps 40 he can help. First he has to notice that it is 41 emergency.being killedtheirnonereasonbeforeanStep 3. Review: Check the answers

  • Is the smoke coming into the room 42 a leak in the air conditioning? Is it steam pipes? Or is it really smoke from a fire? Its not always easy to tell if you are faced with a real emergency. Second, and 43 important, the person faced with an emergency must feel personally 44 (responsibility). He must feel that he must help, 45 the person wont get the help he needs.

    frommore responsibleor

  • Analyze the scattered points

    v.Being killed1pron.None; their2n.reason;1con.Before; or2art.an1prep.from1adj.responsible1adv.more1mum.

  • Try making a test paper How are the exercises made up of?

  • Practice : According to the scattered points, try to design a grammatical filling test exercise with the passageB and fill in the chart to tell what points you are testing.(4m)

  • Try making an exercise paper according to the scattered points in the following table()

  • A wolf had got a bone stuck in his throat and was in greatest pain. He ran up and down asking every animal he met to remove the bone from him, at the same time suggesting a very handsome reward to the successful operator. A crane() moved by his eager asking and his promise, ventured her long neck down the wolfs throat, and drew out the bone. She then asked for the promised reward. To her question, the wolf showing his teeth with an ugly smile, replied, Ungrateful creature! You put your head into a wolfs mouth, and took it out in safety. It is hard for me to expect that you dared to ask for more reward than this! Those who are only in the hope of a return must not be surprised when they come face to face with bad men. They meet with more laughs than thanks.Read Passage B and underline your designed words according to what you have learnt about the scattered points

  • A wolf had got a bone stuck in his throat and was in greatest pain. He ran up and down asking every animal he met to remove the bone from him, at the same time suggesting a very handsome reward to the successful operator. A crane moved by his eager asking and his promise, ventured her long neck down the wolfs throat, and drew out the bone. She then asked for the promised reward. To her question, the wolf showing his teeth with an ugly smile, replied, Ungrateful creature! You put your head into a wolfs mouth, and took it out in safety. It is hard for me to expect that you dared to ask for more reward than this! Those who are only in the hope of a return must not be surprised when they come face to face with bad men. They meet with more laughs than thanks.Underline your designed words.

  • A wolf had got a bone stuck in his throat and was in greatest pain. He ran up and down asking every animal he met to remove the bone from him, at the same time suggesting a very handsome reward to the successful operator. A crane moved by his eager asking and his promise, ventured her long neck down the wolfs throat, and drew out the bone. She then asked for the promised reward. To her question, the wolf showing his teeth with an ugly smile, replied, Ungrateful creature! You put your head into a wolfs mouth, and took it out in safety. It is hard for me to expect that you dared to ask for more reward than this! Those who are only in the hope of a return must not be surprised when they come face to face with bad men. They meet with more laughs than thanks.Underline your designed words.

  • A wolf had got a bone __(1)__ (stick) in his throat and was in greatest pain. He ran __(_2)__ and down asking every animal he met to move the bone from him, at the same time __(3)__ (suggest) a very handsome reward to the successful operator. A crane moved by his eager asking and his promise, ventured her long neck down the wolfs throat, and drew out the bone. She then asked for the __(4)__ (promise) reward. To her question, the wolf showing his teeth with __(5)__ ugly smile, replied, __(6)__ (grateful) creature! You put your head into a wolfs mouth, and took it out in __(7)__ (safe).It is hard for me to expect you dared to ask __(8)__ more reward than this! Those __(9)__ are only in the hope of a return must not be surprised when they come face to face with bad men. They meet with more laughs __(10)__ thanks.One possible version:stuck up safety suggestingungratefulpromisedanforwhothan

  • Keys to the Scattered Points ()

  • .Practice and Assessment ()How can we evaluate ourselves?

  • Score yourselfRead the Passage C of your material and fill in the grammatical words(7m)

  • Evaluate yourself according to the following table

  • step1:understand the meaning of the passage

  • Eating Pig Brain Many Chinese believe __(1)__ (eat) pig brains will increase their intelligence and some Americans regularly eat __(2)__ (cook) eggs to keep their minds sharp. __(3)__, doctors dont recommend eating __(4)__ raw eggs or animal brains. Then, what food is good for your brain? Scientists have found __(5)__ relationship __(6)__ diet and a healthy brain. Generally speaking, fish is a brain food. Besides fish, you should introduce lots of dark green leafy()vegetables and colorful fruits into your diet __(7)__ most people lack the special vitamins __(8)__ these brain foods provide. If you eat brain foods __(9)__ (regular), they can increase brain power help you pay attention, keep you motivated(), improve your memory and __(10)__ (less) stress from studies. Then you can do much better in your test.Fill in the blanks in the story.

  • Eating Pig Brain Many Chinese believe _(1)_ (eat) pig brains will increase their intelligence and some Americans regularly eat _(2)_ (cook) eggs to keep their minds sharp. ___(3)___, doctors dont recommend eating __(4)__ raw eggs or animal brains. Then, what food is good for your brain? Scientists have found __(5)__ relationship ____(6)__ diet and a healthy brain. Generally speaking, fish is a brain food. Besides fish, you should introduce lots of dark green leafyvegetables and colorful fruits into your diet ___(7)___ most people lack the special vitamins __(8)__ these brain foods provide. If you eat brain foods __(9)__ (regular), they can increase brain power help you pay attention, keep you motivated, improve your memory and _(10)_ (less) stress from studies. Then you can do much better in your test. eatinguncookedHowevereitherabetweenbecausethatregularlylessenMany Chinese believedoctors dont recommend a relationship betweenandregularlyhelpkeepimproveand lessen

  • eating uncookedHowever either betweenbecause that regularly lessenagerund. (used as a subject)Whats the function of each blank ?p.p. (the past participle) adv. conj. (eitheror) indefinite article prep. conj. relative pron. adv.v.Step 2: different parts o