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Anhydrous Electrolyte Molarity M molality m ppb Part Per Billion ppm Part Per Billion Solute Solvent

Basic Solution Common ion Effect Complex ion Coprecipitatiom Overall Formation Constant Cumulative Formation Constant =K1K2K3...Kn Endothermic H > 0

Enthalpy Change H Entropy S Equilibrium ConstantL Exothermic H < 0 Gibbs Free Energy G=H TS ion Pair Le Chatelier Principle Lewis Acid Lewis Base Ligand () Reaction Quotient Saturated Solution Solubility Product Standard State 25 1bar Stepwise Formation Constant Ki

Activity [C]c c [C] Activity Coefficient Charge balance Extended Debye-Huckel Equation Debye-Huckel Equation Ionic AtmoSphere Ionic Strength Mass Balance