創意是藝術思考是訓練： 提昇英語教學創意思考 Creativity is Art and Thinking is...
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Creativity is Art and Thinking is Training: Promoting Creative Thinking in English Teaching
Creativity1. Creativity is a general intellectual trait that will affect a persons performance. 2. Creativity is art.3. Creativity help individual development What?
Creativity is art and more
Creativity is art and moreElimination (e.g., Electronic-books => E-books), Substitution (e.g., a story of Snow Black (should it be Snow White?) Combination (e.g., walk + man => walkman),
Power of Creativityhttp://gifted.csps.tp.edu.tw/1.
Traits Of A Creative Personhttp://gifted.csps.tp.edu.tw/
Example 1In the world of competitive business (the red ocean), some businessmen recently proposed a strategy that not only makes the competition irrelevant but creates a new product or new policy to run their business based on creativity. (http://www.ceibs.edu/link/latest/images/20050701/1384.pdf), Blue Ocean Business
Example 2A Song-title-story -- Christmas eve
Today when I walked out, my friend asked me what day was today. I answered tonight was Christmas eve. She said "B - I - N - G - O, and we can go to the party. There is a hot time in the old town tonight. Boom boom, ain't it great to be crazy?" Certainly, we went out for the party together. Blue Ocean in English Instruction
Blue Ocean of English Teaching
Example 3Chatting with computer pals with MSN Video Conferencing with ISDN or IP Sending e-cardsUploading files to the Internet Blue Ocean Strategyof NetworksBlue Ocean of Communication
Creativity is not a processCreativity is a non-objective product committed by social assessments (Yu, 2006).
How to present a varied, valuable creativity in a society is worth consideration.
Impacts of Education Curriculum in Grade 1-9Teachers and students creativity is respected and promoted. However, some people argue that there is no way to teach creativity in the English curriculum because creativity is creative.
Rationales on CreativityA. Creativity is a Way of Cognitive Thinking
B. Creativity is an Environmental Product
C. Teaching Creative Thinking in English Teaching is necessary.
A. Creativity is a Way of Cognitive ThinkingElimination (e.g., Electronic-books => E-books), 2. substitution (e.g., a story of Snow Black (should it be Snow White?) 3. combination (e.g., walk + man => walkman), people can create some ideas, change their lifestyle, have fun or even have a sense of achievement.
Creativity and Problem-solvingCreativity could facilitate sensing problems, especially finding valuable problems (Tardif and Sternberg, 1988). 2. People could develop creativity by finding, identifying and clarifying problems (Brophy, 1998). Therefore, . . . . .
Four Components of Divergent Thinking1. Originality of thinking, 2. Flexibility of mind, 3. Fluency of mind, 4. Elaboration of mind. Guilford (1950)
Six Components for Evaluating Creativity Originality Flexibility, Elaboration, Fluency, Openness Entitling. William (1980)
Divergent & Convergent ThinkingS1: John is handsome S2: John is mature. S3. Mary is handsome. S4: John is ripe.
Creativity is an Environmental Product (a) the individual dimension, (b) the micro-dimension, (c) the macro-dimension (Urban, 1990) writing some information or responses inventing MP3 or even MP4 thinking about the blue ocean strategy
Four Components of Interaction A persons capacity for creativity, Characteristics of a creativity- fostering environment, (c) The creative process (d) The interaction among the above three components.
Developing creative thinking in English ClassesStudents read a lot in order to prepare some language input for language output. (Hung, , 2006).
2. Students can be more involved in the creative process through cooperative learning, such as creative drama activities (McCaslin, 1980) or reader theater activities (Walker, 2005).
Teaching Creative Thinking in English Teaching A. Encouraging Originality
B. Highlighting Flexibility
C. Speeding Up Fluency
D. Reinforcing Elaboration
Teaching Creative Thinking in English Teaching Teachers cannot overstate the originality of the English teaching method (in divergent thinking) at the cost of the other teaching methods since no single teaching method is perfect for every student (in convergent thinking).
Highlighting FlexibilityCcreativity can be developed by eight methods (Hao. 2006) : 1. combination (a pencil + an eraser => a pencil with an eraser)2. separation (a video recorder/player => a video player)3. transformation (a black fan => a colorful fan)4. association (a school bag => an e-pad)5. reversion (a bad bug => a good bug, such as an ant for gold mining detection)6. questioning (why => how)7. imagination (visual input => visual intake)8. passion (creating something for some lovers)
Training Creative Thinking in E. Classes1. combination (e.g., reader theater)2. separation (e.g., teaching vocabulary with audio-visual aids or clozes)3. transformation (e.g., teaching writing by sketching)association (e.g., thought mapping in vocabulary instruction)
A Variety of Book FormsA 8-Grid Book (2) An Unfolding Book(3) A Triangle Book
Sample 2: A Thought Map on Depression Sample 3: A Thought Map on Disease Training Creative Thinking in E. Classes4. Association
Sample 4The most selfish one-letter word .... "I ". Avoid it. The most impractical two-letter word .... "IF ". Stop it. The most disinterested three-letter word .... "LAW". Obey it.Sample 5The most satisfying one-letter word M. Sound it.The most precious two-letter word LV. Purchase it.The most sleepless three-letter wordIOU. Burn it. Training Creative Thinking in E. Classes 4. Association
Training Creative Thinking in E. Classes 5. Reversion1.Reverse story lines in the present into the past tense or the future tense.
2. Spell words backwards to make new words, such as ton => not, or top => pot.
Adaptation Changing some the hobbies of the interviewee and the responses of the interviewer. Training Creative Thinking in E. Classes6. Adaptation
Modifying ones regular written assignment or reports and then compose their writing portfolios. Training Creative Thinking in E. Classes 7. Modification
Talk about the gifts they are preparing for their family or friends on ChristmasWriting some blessings in English in their Christmas cards. Training Creative Thinking in E. Classes 8. Passion
Speeding Up Fluency 1. Cooperative learning integrates social skill objectives with academic content objectives in education (Presseisen, 1992)2. In ecology, students can get some socio-cultural stimuli from their partners cooperative work and thus have more creative thinking.
Reinforcing Elaboration 1. Students need to be trained to elaborate their ideas clearly and briefly. They can be encouraged to2. Students can take notes of the features of their ideas in index cards or Powerpoint slides.
Conclusions 1. Although creativity is a product of thinking, it can be trained. 2. Nevertheless, people have to use but not abuse creativity in order to meet their real needs and interests in daily life or business.
Conclusions 3. Four components of creativity can be applied in English teaching and learning. 4. As long as teachers and students keep the four components of creativity in their mind and practice creative thinking, they can produce a lot of amazing or original ideas in English teaching and learning.
Conclusions5. Teachers groups, or students groups can create a super work through cooperation and creativity.